Written euphemisms in the Jakarta Post's headlines section / Dewa Ayu Vigasia Sande Ashari - Repositori Universitas Negeri Malang

Written euphemisms in the Jakarta Post's headlines section / Dewa Ayu Vigasia Sande Ashari

Dewa Ayu Vigasia Sande Ashari (2007) Written euphemisms in the Jakarta Post's headlines section / Dewa Ayu Vigasia Sande Ashari. Diploma thesis, Universitas Negeri Malang.

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The aim of this study is basically to describe The Jakarta Post s ways in using euphemisms in its articles within political contexts. In this study the main research problem is how in terms of categories and styles The Jakarta Post uses euphemism in its political articles in the Headlines section. This study concerns only with written euphemisms both euphemistic words and expressions in articles of political contexts taken from the Headlines section of The Jakarta Post printed version in three-week issues from February 26 until March 17 2007 which are written by Indonesian journalists. This research focuses on the concepts of discourse analysis and euphemism used in political articles of mass media. This research uses the categorization of euphemism by Allan and Burridge which have been classified in details by Rusman (2000). The typology of styles used in this study is styles of euphemism by Joos (Rusman 2000 44). This study is a descriptive qualitative research which specifically describes the ways The Jakarta Post uses euphemisms in its articles within political contexts. The data collection technique employed is the documentation research technique. The results of the data analysis show that there are seven types of euphemism found in this particular section of The Jakarta Post (1) associative engineering (2) learned term/technical jargon (3) idiom (4) circumlocution (5) hyperbole (6) dysphemistic euphemism and (7) metaphor. Other types of euphemism such as acronym and abbreviation general-for-specific and part-for- whole litotes metonymy and denial are not found in this section. The types that occur the most often are the associative engineering both connotative and denotative meanings as well as the learned terms/technical jargon. The styles employed by the Indonesian journalists of political articles in The Jakarta Post are the formal and consultative styles. The formal atmosphere created by the journalists and the contexts of the articles indicate the use of both styles. When the contexts of political articles are on controversial issues of government officials which need cautious way of writing and use euphemism the formal style is employed. When the contexts are on lighter issues such as issues on certain fields and social matters the consultative style is utilized. The results of this study support the findings of previous studies by Rusman (2000) and Halimatus Suhriyah (2000). Rusman (2000) suggests that seven categories of euphemism are used and five of which are similar to this research s findings. While from four styles of euphemism employed in his dissertation two of them are also found in this present study. Yet this research differs in terms of the frames created. Rusman found that informal styles which are casual and intimate styles are used in Indonesian and American English news media but none is used by Indonesian journalists of The Jakarta Post. This difference might be due to the different sides chosen and different conditions especially cultural conditions faced by different journalists. Indonesian journalists tend to keep their Indonesian flavour of rhetoric. Thus they prefer to hold the formal atmosphere that employs consultative and formal styles of euphemisms in their writings in political contexts. Compared to Halimatus Suhriyah s (2000) findings on the forms of euphemisms in political discourse there are some categories of euphemisms which represent other euphemisms that cannot be classified into the five forms of euphemisms she proposed. They are learned terms/technical jargon and hyperbole types. Each of the two types has certain characteristics that do not meet the five forms. Therefore there should be another form of euphemism added to the findings of this study in order to be able to facilitate all types of euphemisms. Based on the results of this study I recommend that future researchers who conduct studies on the same topic and object of research broaden their point of view for example on the use of vulgarism hyperbolism and bombastic language in news media. In order to avoid the use of euphemism in ambiguous meanings journalists journalistic organizations and government should construct statements or news that avoid or decrease the modification of the use of euphemism for individuals or certain parties purposes.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Subjects: ?? ??
Divisions: Fakultas Sastra (FS) > Departemen Sastra Inggris (ING) > S1 Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: Users 2 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2007 04:29
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2007 03:00
URI: http://repository.um.ac.id/id/eprint/244720

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