EFL teacher's code switching in classroom interaction: types and functions / Siska Larasati

Larasati, Siska (2019) EFL teacher's code switching in classroom interaction: types and functions / Siska Larasati. Diploma thesis, Universitas Negeri Malang.

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Abstract

v SUMMARY Larasati, Siska. 2019. EFL Teacher’s Code Switching in Classroom Interaction: Types and Functions. Thesis, Department of English, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang. Advisors: (1) Prof. Dr. Nur Mukminatien, M.Pd. (2) Dr. Suharyadi, M.Pd. Key words: EFL teacher, code switching, classroom interaction Code switching becomes a common phenomenon which can be found especially in EFL classroom interaction. Code switching is a language alternation or the use of more than one language in communication. Based on the result of a preliminary study, an EFL teacher of seventh graders in SMP Tazkia International Islamic Boarding School employed code switching during English teaching process in regular class. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the occurrence of code switching in classroom interaction in terms of types and functions of code switching used by the EFL teacher. The research design of this study is descriptive qualitative because this study is conducted to show the nature of a situation as it exists at the time of the study. This study was conducted at SMP Tazkia International Islamic Boarding School in the academic year of 2018-2019. The subject involved in this study is the EFL teacher who taught English in seventh grade C, which is the regular class in SMP Tazkia International Islamic Boarding School. The data were collected by using observation and interview. The EFL teacher's utterances in the classroom interaction were observed and recorded, and the results of the recording were transcribed to be analyzed. The EFL teacher was also interviewed for explaining her underlying reasons for employing code switching in the classroom. The results show that there are three types of code switching employed by the EFL teacher namely inter-sentential switching (55 data or 51.4 %), tag switching (34 data or 31.8 %), and intra-sentential switching (14 data or 13.1 %). In this study, mixed code switching (4 data or 3.7 %) which involves more than one type of code switching in an utterance is also found. In this study, there are nine functions of code switching employed by the EFL teacher. Those functions are for inserting a sentence filler (38 data or 34.3 %), showing intention of clarifying speech content for interlocutors (26 data or 23.4 %), repeating in order to clarify (22 data or 19.8 %), checking students’ understanding (8 data or 7.2 %), softening request or command (4 data or 3.6 %), showing anger or disappointment (4 data or 3.6 %), ending the class (4 data or 3.6 %), motivating students (3 data or 2.7 %), and giving advice (2 data or 1.8 %). Code switching for motivating students and code switching for giving advice are the new functions found in this study, and these new findings are the contribution for sociolinguistic studies, especially for the study of code switching in EFL classroom. Based on the result of the study, the EFL teacher in this study used code switching both intentionally and unintentionally. Firstly, the type of code switching which is most frequently found in this study is inter-sentential code switching. It shows that the EFL teacher is fluent in both English and Indonesian, because she can apply the rules of those languages in her utterance at the same vi time. Secondly, the function of code switching which is most frequently found in this study is for inserting sentence fillers. The EFL teacher in this study is an Indonesian native speaker, so that the insertion of some elements which characterize her native language while speaking English is still difficult to be omitted. Besides the insertion of sentence fillers, the EFL teacher often clarified or repeated her utterance by using Indonesian in order to make the students understand clearly the materials and instructions given during the learning process. For the EFL teacher, it is suggested to omit the use of Indonesian sentence fillers because the use of those sentence fillers does not have benefits in the English teaching process. Because this study is limited to identify the types and functions of code switching used by EFL teacher, it is hoped to the next researchers to analyze students’ perception toward the use of code switching by teacher for proving whether the use of code switching in the classroom is actually beneficial for the students or troublesome.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Subjects: ?? ??
Divisions: Fakultas Sastra (FS) > Jurusan Sastra Inggris (ING) > S1 Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Users 2 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2019 04:29
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2019 03:00
URI: http://repository.um.ac.id/id/eprint/71750

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