Flouting maxims in a collection of children literaterature / Widya Hanum Sari Pertiwi

Pertiwi, Widya Hanum Sari (2010) Flouting maxims in a collection of children literaterature / Widya Hanum Sari Pertiwi. Masters thesis, Universitas Negeri Malang.

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Thesis. Graduate Program in English Language Education, State University of Malang. Advisors: (I) Prof. Bambang Yudi Cahyono, M.Pd, M.A., Ph.D. (II) Dr. Yazid Basthomi, M.A. Keywords: children literature, tales, flouting maxims. In the area of English teaching and learning most attention is given to the teaching and learning of four language skills; on the other hand, culture learning is more or less ignored. In fact, to be bilingual means to be bicultural. Culture learning can be gained from research studies which investigate intersection between pragmatics and literature (as part of a culture). Pragmatics as one of linguistic disciplines has potential application to all fields with a stake in ÔÇ£how utterances are understoodÔÇØ or literature. The present study tries to find out the flouting of Gricean maxims and the functions of the flouting in the tales which are included in collection of children literature entitled My Giant Treasury of Stories and Rhymes. The objective of the study is generally to identify the violation of maxims of quantity, quality, relevance, and manner in the data sources and also to analyze the use of the flouting in the tales which are included in the book. This study was qualitatively approached. The qualitative approach was used to examine the utterances that become the data. The sources of data in this study were 75 tales included in the book and the data were all the utterances which are flouted Gricean maxims. Qualitative design using categorizing strategies, specifically coding strategy, was applied. Thus, the researcher as the instrument in this investigation was selecting the tales, reading them, and gathering every item which reflects the violation of Gricean maxims based on some conditions of flouting maxims. Qualitative design using coding strategy was applied because after selecting the data, the writer then implemented coding strategy so that she could analyze the data. On the basis of the data analysis, it was found that the some utterances in the tales, both narration and conversation, flouting the four maxims of conversation, namely maxim of quality, maxim of quantity, maxim of relevance, and maxim of manner. The flouting of maxim of quality was classified in to two conditions, fallacious statement and information with lack of evidence. Meanwhile, information or statement which was not as required and which was much more than required were the two conditions of flouting maxim of quantity. Maxim of relevance is flouted whenever there was irrelevant information/statement. Last, flouting of maxim of manner occurred when there was obscure statement or ambiguous information. The researcher has also found that the flouting of maxims has one basic function that is to encourage the readersÔÇÖ imagination toward the tales. This one basic function is developed by six others functions: (1) generating specific situation, (2) developing the plot, (3) enlivening the charactersÔÇÖ utterance, (4) implicating message, (5) indirectly characterizing characters, and (6) creating ambiguous setting. In relation with the research findings of this study, it is expected that the research findings can be applied, followed up by the English language teachers and the next researchers so that the conversational implicature and cooperative principle can be further developed. In addition, it is suggested that the intersectional teaching method which involves linguistics and literature should be paid more attention in order to achieve the success of the teaching-learning process.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Sastra (FS) > Jurusan Sastra Inggris (ING) > S2 Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Users 2 not found.
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2010 04:29
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2010 03:00
URI: http://repository.um.ac.id/id/eprint/58459

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